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The ratio of third proportional to 12 and 30 and the mean proportional between 9 and 25 is

A) \[2:1\]

B) \[5:1\]

C) \[7:15\]

D) \[9:14\]

Answer

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Let the third proportional be \[x\],

So, the continued third proportion is \[12:30:x\]

i.e., \[12:30 = 30:x\]

\[\Rightarrow 12 \times x = 30 \times 30 \]

\[\Rightarrow x = \dfrac{{30 \times 30}}{{12}} \]

\[\Rightarrow x = \dfrac{{900}}{{12}} \]

\[\therefore x = 75 \]

Let the mean proportion be \[y\]. We know that a mean proportional is a number that comes between two other numbers and which satisfies the equation \[\dfrac{a}{x} = \dfrac{x}{b}\].

So, the mean proportion is \[\dfrac{9}{y} = \dfrac{y}{{25}}\]

\[\Rightarrow {y^2} = 9 \times 25\]

\[\Rightarrow {y^2} = 225 \]

\[\Rightarrow y = \sqrt {225} \]

\[\therefore y = 15 \]

Therefore, the ratio of third proportional to 12 and 30 and the mean proportional between 9 and 25 is \[x:y = 75:15 = 5:1\]